Can you explain the “may contain” statements and why those with celiac disease do not need to worry about them?

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May contain” or “shared equipment” statements are voluntarily included on some products to alert wheat allergic consumers of the presence of wheat in a manufacturing facility, because people with wheat allergies can have a reaction to wheat fractions other than gluten, and current testing cannot identify all non-gluten proteins in wheat. If you see this type of statement on a product that is certified gluten-free, the gluten-free certification means that it is gluten-free regardless of any “may contain” type statements and contains 10 ppm gluten or less. When present on a product labeled gluten-free in compliance with FDA regulations, the product should comply with the FDA standard of less than 20 ppm gluten and should also be safe to consume. On a product that is neither certified or labeled gluten-free, but appears to be gluten-free based on the ingredients list, this type of statement could indicate some risk, and it is safer to avoid the product.