What is non-celiac gluten sensitivity or NCGS? Is it same thing as gluten intolerance?
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity or NCGS is a health condition characterized by intestinal and other reactions related to ingesting gluten not connected to a celiac disease diagnosis or a wheat allergy.
Gluten intolerance broadly includes any inability to tolerate gluten that covers both celiac disease and NCGS. In the case of discussing gluten, the word “intolerance” is not commonly used as a medical term. The word “sensitivity,” as in “gluten sensitivity,” is the more common term.
The term non-celiac wheat sensitivity or NCWS may also be used, but this is different from celiac disease and a wheat allergy. Check out Celiac Disease, Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity or Wheat Allergy: What is the Difference?
If you think you, or someone you love, is experiencing a gluten sensitivity, it is important to check for other conditions that might cause the same symptoms, including celiac disease or possible intolerances to other substances in gluten-containing foods, such as “FODMAPs” or fructans. There is no specific diagnostic test for NCGS.